Exported ID (optional) Parent ID number ID number Short name Description
2016 CEFR for STEM Based on the <a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_European_Framework_of_Reference_for_Languages”> Common European Framework of Reference for Languages</a> but with extra details added to make it more suitable for ESP in higher education
1 20161 A1 Basic user – Beginner
2 20161 20162 A1 (i) Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type.
3 20161 20163 A1 (ii) Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has.
4 20161 20164 A1 (iii) Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.
5 20165 A2 Basic user – elementary
6 20165 20166 A2 (i) Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment).
7 20165 20167 A2 (ii) Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.
8 20165 20168 A2 (iii) Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.
9 20169 B1 Independent user – Threshold
10 20169 201610 B1 (i) Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc.
11 20169 201611 B1 (ii) Can deal with most situations likely to arise while travelling in an area where the language is spoken.
12 20169 201612 B1 (iii) Can produce simple connected text on topics that are familiar or of personal interest.
13 20169 201613 B1 (iv) Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plan
14 201614 B2 Independent user – Upper Intermediate
15 201614 201615 B2 (i) Listening — can understand spoken language in detail, including technical discussions in their field of specialization.
16 201614 201616 B2 (ii) Listening — can understand the main ideas of spoken language on practical and abstract topics when delivered in standard language.
17 201614 201617 B2 (iii) Listening — can use a variety of strategies to achieve comprehension such as listening for main points and using contextual clues.
18 201639 C1 Proficient user – effective operational proficiency (advanced)
19 201639 201640 C1 (i) Listening — can understand spoken language in detail, including complex technical discussions in their field of specialization.
20 201639 201641 C1 (ii) Listening — can understand the main ideas of spoken language on practical and abstract topics even where there are problems like bad sound, unusual accents or colloquialisms.
21 201639 201642 C1 (iii) Listening — can use a variety of strategies to achieve comprehension and evaluate the success of these strategies
22 201639 201643 C1 (iv) Reading — can quickly identify the subject matter and line of argument in a text, differentiating the relevant and the irrelevant
23 201663 C2 Proficient user – Mastery
24 201663 201664 C2 (i) Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read.
25 201663 201665 C2 (ii) Can summarize information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation.
26 201663 201666 C2 (iii) Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in the most complex situations.
27 201614 201618 B2 (iv) Reading — can choose an appropriate reading strategy according to the situation eg skimming and scanning
28 201614 201619 B2 (v) Reading — can quickly identify subject matter, content and relevance of news items, articles and reports to decide which ones to study further
29 201614 201620 B2 (vi) Reading — can read a text from their field of specialization and take part in a discussion about it
30 201614 201621 B2 (vii) Reading — can read a text on a controversial question in their field and summarise the main points in it.
31 201614 201622 B2 (viii) Reading — can use different strategies to deal with unknown words, eg. Guessing, using dictionaries and glossaries
32 201614 201623 B2 (ix) Speaking — can successfully start, maintain and close a conversation
33 201614 201624 B2 (x) Speaking — can successfully exchange technical information within their field of specialization
34 201614 201625 B2 (xi) Speaking — can describe and help to solve problems in their field of specialization
35 201614 201626 B2 (xii) Speaking — can give clear descriptions of a wide range of topics related to their field of specialization
36 201614 201627 B2 (xiii) Speaking — can discuss the advantages and disadvantages of different solutions to problems in their field of specialization
37 201614 201628 B2 (xiv) Speaking — can explain the function of components in a piece of equipment or apparatus
38 201614 201629 B2 (xv) Speaking — can discuss relevant skills and experience in a job interview
39 201614 201630 B2 (xvi) Writing – Can produce clear, detailed reports on issues in their field of specialization
40 201614 201631 B2 (xvii) Writing — can write a summary of an article, talk or discussion
41 201614 201632 B2 (xviii) Writing — can write explanatory notes and instructions for activities in their field of specialization
42 201614 201633 B2 (xix) Interactions — can take part in a formal discussion, such as a committee meeting
43 201614 201634 B2 (xx) Interactions — can maintain email correspondence in a professional way
44 201614 201635 B2 (xxi) Interactions — can prepare, design and present a short presentation in their field of specialization
45 201614 201636 B2 (xxii) study skills — can maintain a useful notebook of new words and phrases
46 201614 201637 B2 (xxiii) study skills — can use recordings and texts for self study of the language
47 201614 201638 B2 (xxiv) study skills — can reflect on and evaluate their own learning processes
48 201639 201644 C1 (v) Reading — can assess the relevance, novelty and reliability of longer texts in their field of specialization.
49 201639 201645 C1 (vi) Reading — can read a text from their field of specialization and give a reasoned review of it
50 201639 201646 C1 (vii) Reading — can read a text on a controversial question in their field and describe their own response to it.
51 201639 201647 C1 (viii) Reading — can discuss difficulties of translation in their field of specialization
52 201639 201648 C1 (ix) Speaking — can take part in long technical discussions within their field of specialization
53 201639 201649 C1 (x) Speaking — can provide clear instructions about how to solve problems in their field of specialization
54 201639 201650 C1 (xi) Speaking — can explain and teach their colleagues a wide range of ideas related to their field of specialization
55 201639 201651 C1 (xii) Speaking — can persuade their colleagues to adopt particular solutions to problems in their field of specialization
56 201639 201652 C1 (xiii) Speaking — can discuss and specify problems with a piece of equipment or apparatus
57 201639 201653 C1 (xiv) Speaking — can perform well in a job interview
58 201639 201654 C1 (xv) Writing — write ordinary business letters relating to their field of specialization
59 201639 201655 C1 (xvi) Writing — can write a job application and CV
60 201639 201656 C1 (xvii) Writing — can write a text giving their argument relating to a specific problem in their field of specialization, and describing the problem in detail
61 201639 201657 C1 (xviii) Interactions — can play an important role in a formal discussion, such as chair or secretary
62 201639 201658 C1 (xix) Interactions — can check their colleagues’ writing and help to improve it
63 201639 201659 C1 (xx) Interactions — can prepare, design and present a serious and in-depth presentation in their field of specialization
64 201639 201660 C1 (xxi) study skills — can collaborate on constructing knowledge with a wiki
65 201639 201661 C1 (xxii) study skills — can use online forums, blogs and networks to develop a personal learning environment
66 201639 201662 C1 (xxiii) study skills — can describe their learning styles and habits in a useful and interesting way